The north of India is a vast region that experiences diverse climates, with some areas receiving more rainfall than others. One of the most notable differences is the amount of rainfall in East India compared to West India. This article will explore why the rainfall decreases in the east and how it differs from the west.
What Causes Decreased Rainfall in East India?
The main cause of decreased rainfall in East India is the presence of the Himalaya mountain range. This mountain range acts as a barrier, blocking the monsoon winds from reaching East India, which causes the region to receive less rainfall than its western counterpart. Additionally, the presence of the Thar Desert in the northwest of India contributes to the decreased rainfall in the east as the desert creates a dry air mass that prevents moisture from traveling eastward.
How Does Rainfall Differ in East vs West India?
The amount of rainfall that East India receives is much lower than that of West India. This is due to the Himalaya mountain range, which blocks the monsoon winds from reaching East India. West India, on the other hand, is not blocked by any mountain range and, as a result, receives more rainfall. The Thar Desert also contributes to the difference in rainfall, as it creates a dry air mass that prevents moisture from traveling eastward.
Overall, East India receives significantly less rainfall than West India due to the presence of the Himalaya mountain range and the Thar Desert. These two factors create a barrier that blocks the monsoon winds from reaching East India and prevents moisture from traveling eastward, resulting in the decreased rainfall in the east.