India is the world’s third largest energy consumer and the energy sector plays a critical role in the country’s economic growth. Energy sources in India are used to generate electricity and power economic growth. In this article, we will take a look at the current sources of energy that are being used in India.
Present Sources of Energy in India
Currently, India’s energy sector is largely dependent on fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas, and oil. Coal is the primary source of energy, accounting for about two-thirds of India’s total energy production. Natural gas accounts for the second largest share of the energy mix, followed by oil and renewables. Renewable energy sources such as hydropower, wind, and solar energy are becoming increasingly important, with the government making a push to increase the share of renewables in the energy mix.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Current Energy Sources
The primary advantage of the current energy sources is that they are reliable and cost-effective. Fossil fuels are abundant in India and are relatively easy to access and use. In addition, renewables such as hydropower and wind energy are becoming more popular due to their cost-effectiveness and environmental benefits.
However, there are also some drawbacks associated with the current sources of energy. Fossil fuels are non-renewable and their use can lead to environmental pollution. In addition, renewable sources such as solar and wind energy are unpredictable and can be unreliable.
Overall, India’s energy sector is largely dependent on fossil fuels, with coal accounting for the largest share of the energy mix. However, renewable energy sources such as hydropower, wind, and solar energy are becoming increasingly important. While the current sources of energy offer several advantages, there are also some drawbacks associated with them.