India is one of the most populous countries in the world and as such has a wide range of land types and uses. Understanding the land use pattern in India is essential to understanding the environmental and economic health of the nation. This article will discuss the land use pattern in India and why the land under forest has not increased much since 1962.
Land Use Pattern in India
India has a wide range of land uses. The most common land use is agriculture, which covers approximately 60% of the country’s land. This includes both arable land and pastures. Other land uses in India include forests (19%), built-up areas (10%), wasteland (8%) and water bodies (3%).
India has a long history of deforestation due to the growing demand for agricultural land and fuelwood. This has led to a decrease in forest cover and an increase in wastelands and built-up areas. Despite this, the Indian government has made strides in recent years to increase the country’s forest cover.
Forest Land Uptake Since 1962
Since 1962, India’s forest cover has increased from around 16% to almost 21%. However, this increase is still far from the government’s goal of 33% forest cover. The main reason for this is the growing demand for agricultural land and fuelwood. This has led to a decrease in the amount of land available for forest cover.
In addition, the government has been unable to implement effective reforestation programs due to a lack of resources and political will. This has further hindered the growth of India’s forest cover.
In conclusion, India’s land use pattern has been heavily influenced by the demand for agricultural land and fuelwood. This has led to a decrease in the amount of land available for forest cover. Despite some progress in recent years, India’s forest cover remains far from the government’s goal of 33%. It is essential that the government take steps to increase the country’s forest cover if it is to ensure the health of the environment and the economy.